s1 paralympic swimming

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Like the Olympic Games, competitors measure their skills in backstroke, breaststroke, butterfly, freestyle and medley events. Competitors who hold a classification between S1 and S7 as classified by the International Paralympic Committee classification system will participate in Class A. [15] In terms of motor functions, people in this class who are C4-C6 tetraplegics may have issues with their biceps, deltoids, rhomboids and rotor cuffs. Because of a lack of trunk control, they are unstable in the water and have hip drag. [31], When classified S1, these swimmers have no hand or wrist flexion so are unable to catch water. They may also be able to transfer themselves to a wheelchair. This puts them into the passive drag band of PDB1, and PDB3. [2][3] Jane Buckley, writing for the Sporting Wheelies, describes the swimmers in this classification as having: "with very severe coordination problems in four limbs or have no use of their legs, trunk, hands and minimal use of their shoulders only. It found there was little significant difference in performance times between women in 1A (SP1, SP2), 1B (SP3), and 1C (SP3, SP4) in the 25m backstroke. In butterfly and breaststroke, for example, able-bodied swimmers always have to touch the wall with two hands, but if you’re a para-swimmer who is missing a hand or arm, you have an ‘exception’ to this rule. Individuals who fall between S8 and S13 will compete in Class B. I swim on a 34 point relay, so the relay can have any combination of four swimmers that add up to 34 points. Part of this test involves the Adapted Medical Research Council (MRC) scale. It is a sport in which GB excel. It found there was little significant difference in performance times between women in 1A (SP1, SP2), 1B (SP3), and 1C (SP3, SP4) in the 25m breaststroke. The Rio team is officially announced on July 3! I’ll be posting updates on Twitter and Instagram if you want to follow along. These S1 swimmers have no hand or wrist flexion so are unable to catch water. There is even a 150 meter Individual Medley – no butterfly! each exhibition participant hold a current U.S. Paralympic swim classification (S1-S14). “SB” means the class is valid for breaststroke, and “SM” is for medley, or IM. Swimming at the 1996 Summer Paralympics consisted of 168 events, 87 for men and 81 for women. It found there was little significant difference in performance times between men in 1A (SP1, SP2), and 1B (SP3) in the 25m breaststroke. The 2018 U.S. Paralympics Swimming Para National Championships presented by Toyota marked the final meet of the year for Team USA. To ensure competition is fair and equal, all Paralympic sports have a system in place which ensures that winning is determined by skill, fitness, power, endurance, tactical ability and mental focus, the same factors that account for success in … [22], Swimming classification is done based on a total points system, with a variety of functional and medical tests being used as part of a formula to assign a class. ISOD amputee A9 swimmers may be found in several classes. IPC para-swimming classification The current para-swimming classification set out by the International Paralympic Committee (IPC) uses classes S1 – S10 for different levels of physical impairment, with a lower number indicating a more severe impairment. PLEASE USE EMAIL TO CORRESPOND WITH THE OFFICE FROM THIS POINT FORWARD. Most aspects of para-swimming are the same as able-bodied swimming, but there are a few important differences. [17][19] Disabled Sports USA defined the anatomical definition of this class in 2003 as, "Have functional elbow flexors and wrist dorsi-flexors. [1] In the classification title, S represents Freestyle, Backstroke and Butterfly strokes. Swimmers in this class have a variety of different disabilities including cerebral palsy. As they have no leg and back control, their legs are normally drag in the water in a flexed position. Posted by Michelle Konkoly on June 27, 2016 |, In Her Own Words: Nikki’s Healing Journey, Patient Fulfills His Vow to Fallen Soldiers While Recovering From Spinal Cord Injury, Friendship and Fitness Help College Student Rebound Following Spinal Cord Injury, I See Life So Differently Now: How a Brain Injury Brought Tala’s Life into Focus. Rudy Garcia-Tolson set a goal: to compete in both track and swimming at the Paralympics. It found there was little significant difference in performance times between men in 1A (SP1, SP2), 1B (SP3), and 1C (SP3, SP4) in the 25m backstroke. Silver medalists McKenzie Coan, Elizabeth Smith, Jessica Long and Michelle Konkoly celebrates on the podium at the Rio 2016 Paralympic Games on Sept. 15, 2016 in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Classes S11-S13 are for visually impaired swimmers. [34] A study of was done comparing the performance of athletics competitors at the 1984 Summer Paralympics. Swimmers in this class have a similar stroke length and stroke rate to able bodied swimmers. "[19] People with C4 lesions have head control, and limited respiratory endurance. [46] In the United States, classification is handled by the United States Paralympic Committee on a national level. [7] CP1 swimmers tend to have a passive normalized drag in the range of 1.3 to 1.7. [21] People in this class have a total respiratory capacity of 81% compared to people without a disability. S1, SB1, SM1 are disability swimming classifications used for categorising swimmers based on their level of disability. [17][18][19] In the past, this class was known as 1A Complete. May have elbow extensors (up to power 3) but usually do not have wrist palmar flexors. It found there was little significant difference in performance times between men in 1A (SP1, SP2), and 1B (SP3) in the 25m breaststroke. [25], For swimming with the most severe disabilities at the 1984 Summer Paralympics, floating devices and a swimming coach in the water swimming next to the Paralympic competitor were allowed. Swimming comprises medal events in Freestyle, Backstroke, Butterfly and Breaststroke across distances that range from 50m to 400m. [36], For the 2016 Summer Paralympics in Rio, the International Paralympic Committee had a zero classification at the Games policy. Because of the weakness in my left leg and fusions of my spine and heel bone, I’m an S9. Occupational Health Services/Work Fitness, Magee Rehabilitation – Outpatient Rehab at Watermark, Abington - Lansdale Hospital Jefferson Health. The International Paralympic Committee recognises the fastest performances in swimming events at the Paralympic Games.Swimming has been part of at every Summer Paralympic Games.. It found there was little significant difference in performance times between men in 1A (SP1, SP2), 1B (SP3), and 1C (SP3, SP4) in the 25m freestyle. People with C4 lesions can control electronic devices using a mouth controlled joystick. [5], One of the disability groups in this classification is swimmers with cerebral palsy, including CP1 classified swimmers. If you want to dive into the Paralympic swimming action this summer but are a little confused about how to follow along, here’s your crash course in my sport. Rules: If you are a die-hard swim fan watching the Paralympics, you may notice a few things that would get a swimmer disqualified in an able-bodied competition. They can roll over in bed. S11 swimmers are completely blind, and have to compete with blacked-out goggles! To make relays fair for all countries, the classifications of the four swimmers on the relay must add up to a certain number of points. The “S” means that class is valid for freestyle, backstroke, and butterfly events. This meet is open to swimmers with a physical, visual or intellectual impairment and are assigned a class based on the results. It found there was little significant difference in performance times between women in 1A (SP1, SP2), 1B (SP3), and 1C (SP3, SP4) in the 25m breaststroke. A LITTLE MORE ABOUT THE PARALYMPIC GAMES • Paralympic Swimming covers every disability • Swimming events take place over ten days • Athletes compete based on a classification system, not necessarily the same disability • There are 10 physical impairment classes S1-S10 (the lower the number the more severe the disability) All rights reserved. They normally swim the backstroke using a double arm technique. It found there was little significant difference in performance times between men in 1A (SP1, SP2), 1B (SP3), and 1C (SP3, SP4) in the 25m freestyle. Official website of World Para Swimming - find out about paralympic athletes, classifications & rules, plus follow the competitive events of this sport. How do they know when they’re reached the wall? [14][15][16], This is wheelchair sport classification that corresponds to the neurological level C6. "[1] The Yass Tribune defined this classification in 2007 as "athlete’s with a minimal range of movement and muscular tone". I’ll be swimming the 50 free on July 1, and the 100 free on July 2. Interested students must register and provide their classification information to IHSA by October 10, 2012. It found there was little significant difference in performance times between women in 1A (SP1, SP2), 1B (SP3), and 1C (SP3, SP4) in the 25m freestyle. The S14 class is for swimmers with intellectual impairments. As they have no leg and back control, their legs are normally drag in the water in a flexed position. Russia's Yana Kostina. A coach, or ‘tapper,’ stands in front of their lane and taps them on the head with a long stick before they need to turn or finish the race. They start in the water with assistance for initial propulsion. [15] People with C5 lesions have abduction of the arms, and flexion of the arm. The use of such devices is not allowed in IPC sanctioned events, but is allowed in CP-ISRA sanctioned ones. They have some independence in that they can eat and groom themselves without assistance. Olympic swimming has longer events like the 800 and the 1500, and 200’s of strokes. [47], "Understanding Classification: A Guide to the Classification Systems used in Paralympic Sports", "Paralympic dreams: Croydon Hills teen a hotshot in pool", "Consideration of Passive Drag in IPC Swimming Classification System", "Kategorie postižení handicapovaných sportovců", "SWIMMING CLASSIFICATION CLASSIFICATION MANUAL", "Are tetraplegic handbikers going to disappear from team relay in para-cycling? Swimming Since the first Paralympic Games in Rome in 1960, swimming has been one of its main sports. For example, S1-S5 swimmers compete in the 200 freestyle and 50’s of strokes, while higher classes swim the 400 freestyle and 100’s of stroke. For Immediate Release. It found there was little significant difference in performance times between women in 1A (SP1, SP2), 1B (SP3), and 1C (SP3, SP4) in the 25m freestyle. The classes are prefixed with "S" for freestyle, butterfly and backstroke events, "SB" for breaststroke and "SM" for individual medley events. The classifications cover athletes with "very severe coordination problems in four limbs or have no use of their legs, trunk, hands and minimal use of their shoulders only". This bodily activity can spike their metabolic rate. [41], Swimming classification for S1 swimmers generally has three components. Classification: Classification is different for each Paralympic sport. In case all this wasn’t confusing enough, there are different classes for different strokes! Paralympic Trials begin this week, and Rio is right around the corner. [9] They may have controlled shakes and twitches. [32][33], For swimming with the most severe disabilities at the 1984 Summer Paralympics, floating devices and a swimming coach in the water swimming next to the Paralympic competitor were allowed. May have shoulder weakness. [38] In the S1 100 m Freestyle Long Course, the men's world record is held by Israel's Itzhak Mamistvalov and the women's world record is held by Iryna Sotska. In Paralympic swimming, there are 14 different classifications. © 2020 Magee Rehabilitation. These swimmers usually only swim on their back. [40] Other swimmers from this class include Greece's Alex Taxildaris,[41] Greece's Andreas Katsaros,[41] Ukraine's Anton Kol,[41] Greece's Apostolos Tsaousi],[41] United States's Breanna Marguerite Sprenger,[41] Greece's Christos Tampaxis,[42] Ukraine's Hennadii Boiko,[42] Israel's Itzhak Mamistvalov,[41] Colombia's Luis Eduardo Rojas Osorno,[41] Ukraine's Oleksandr Golovko,[42] Canada's Sarah Lapp,[43] and Individuals who fall between S8 and S13 will compete in Class B. ‘Road to Rio’ is a monthly blog series written by Paralympic swimmer and former Magee patient Michelle Konkoly as she prepares for the 2016 Paralympic Games in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Male and female athletes with a physical, vision or intellectual impairment are eligible to compete. Most swimmers are the same class for S and SM, but many swimmers with a leg impairment, including myself, go down a class for breaststroke, because it is such a leg-intensive stroke. "[35], There are a number of events that are available for swimmers in this class. SB means breaststroke. [45], In Australia, to be classified in this category, athletes contact the Australian Paralympic Committee or their state swimming governing body. [20] People with C5 can perform some actions with one of their arms, and can propel a wheelchair with modified rims that make it easier to do. The third is in competition observation. Most of the other swimmers in this category are below-elbow amputees or above-knee amputees. [9][10][11] They have severely limited use of their trunk and limbs. To ensure competition is fair and equal, all Paralympic sports have a system in place which ensures that winning is determined by skill, fitness, power, endurance, tactical ability and mental focus, the same factors that account for success in sport for able bodied athletes. They include the 50m and 100m Freestyle, 200m Freestyle, 50m Backstroke, 50m Butterfly, 50m Breaststroke and 150m Individual Medley events. For example, S1-S5 swimmers compete in the 200 freestyle and 50’s of strokes, while higher classes swim the 400 freestyle and 100’s of stroke. They may have an absence of sensation in their hands, wrists and forearms. This policy was put into place in 2014, with the goal of avoiding last minute changes in classes that would negatively impact athlete training preparations. S12 and S13 swimmers are legally blind but have some vision, and usually do not use a tapper. The second is water test. Para Swimming Swimming is one of the bigger sports at the Paralympic Games in terms of numbers of events and numbers of competitors. Swimming events available for people in this class include the 50m and 100m Freestyle, 200m Freestyle, 50m Backstroke, 50m Butterfly, 50m Breaststroke and 150m Individual Medley events. ", "The (Non)sense of the Present-Day Classification System of Sports for the Disabled, Regarding Paralysed and Amputee Athletes", "SPECIAL SECTION ADAPTATIONS TO USA TRACK & FIELD RULES OF COMPETITION FOR INDIVIDUALS WITH DISABILITIES", http://www.paralympic.org/sdms/web/sw/ranking.csv.sw.php?xml=0&rkt=RKTABP&rkd=131&ps=&pe=&dis=LC&gen=&evt=&cls=, http://www.paralympic.org/ipc_results/search_form.php?type=npc#athlete, https://www.theguardian.com/news/datablog/interactive/2012/sep/06/paralympic-games-full-list-every-medalist, https://www.swimming.ca/paraLCRecordsWomen, "U.S. Paralympics National Classification Policies & Procedures SWIMMING", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=S1_(classification)&oldid=993305493, Articles with dead external links from April 2018, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles with dead external links from May 2019, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 9 December 2020, at 22:52. Last year, for example, when hoping to qualify for the London 2012 Paralympic Games, “I didn’t because of lack of S1 events,” Kayla said. [39], American swimmers who have been classified by the United States Paralympic Committee as being in this class include Grover Evans, Jennifer Johnson and Rick Keeton. [24], People with spinal cord injuries in S1 tend to be tetraplegics with complete lesions below C5. [27], This is wheelchair sport classification that corresponds to the neurological level C7. It found there was little significant difference in performance times between women in 1A (SP1, SP2), 1B (SP3), and 1C (SP3, SP4) in the 25m backstroke. Races are held in four swimming strokes: freestyle, backstroke, breaststroke and butterfly over varying distances and in either individual or relay race events. [19][28] The location of lesions on different vertebrae tend to be associated with disability levels and functionality issues. [15] People with C6 lesions have abduction and flexion of the arms, and wrist extension. There’s a 20 point relay as well. c. Participation in the competition is open to any athlete who is in possession of a Participant Card, issued by the Organizing Committee of the 20 th Maccabiah, and is registered for the Paralympic Swimming competitions. Also, swimmers who have trouble balancing on the blocks are allowed to have a coach ‘assist’ them by holding them up on the blocks before they dive in. Swimmers must have at least one Can-Am Minimum Qualifying Standard (MQS), in the following IPC Swimming Paralympic Sport Class events to enter the meet. [44][45] As part of the water test, swimmers are often required to demonstrate their swimming technique for all four strokes. 2012 U.S. Paralympics Swimming Trials June 14-16 2012 Bismarck State College Aquatic and Wellness Center Bismarck, ND Important Facts about the Meet: The 2012 U. S. Paralympics Swimming Trials is a long course competition hosted by U.S. Paralympics. The IPC organizes the Summer and Winter Paralympic Games, andserves as the International Federation for nine sports, for which itsupervises and co-ordinates the … The first is a bench press. [15], The location of lesions on different vertebrae tend to be associated with disability levels and functionality issues. Competitors who hold a classification between S1 and S7 as classified by the International Paralympic Committee classification system will participate in Class A. World Para Swimming Paralympic Records Long Course Men's 100 m Freestyle Class Name NPC Birth Time Date City Country S1 Mamistvalov, Itzhak ISR 1979 02:15.83 2012-09-01 London Great Britain S2 Liu, Benying CHN 1996 01:46.63 2016-09-11 Rio de Janeiro Brazil S3 VYNOHRADETS', Dmytro UKR 1985 01:34.32 2016-09-08 Rio de Janeiro Brazil [15] People with a lesion at C7 have an impairment that effects the use of their hands and lower arm. They normally swim the backstroke using a double arm technique. SM means individual medley. [6], Some CP1 swimmers in this class require floaters to race. [30] They can use a wheelchair using their own power, and do everyday tasks like eating, dressing, and normal physical maintenance. Relays: My favorite part of swimming! Illinois Swimming, Inc. 1400 E Touhy Ave., Suite 410 Des Plaines, IL 60018 Phone: 847-824-1596 Email: [email protected] THE ILLINOIS SWIMMING OFFICE IS NOW WORKING REMOTELY UNTIL FURTHER NOTICE. [15] People with a lesion at C5 or C6 have an impairment that effects the use of their hands and lower arm. [26] A study of was done comparing the performance of athletics competitors at the 1984 Summer Paralympics. In Paralympic swimming, swimmers in classes S1-S7 generally swim shorter events, while the higher classes swim longer events. [8] CP1 sportspeople tend to use electric wheelchairs. [4] Swimmers in this classification typically use a wheelchair, swim on their backs, have almost no use of their legs and limited use of their upper body. Have good shoulder muscle function. Click here for inpatient and outpatient locations. An S1 athlete may have no arms or legs, for example, while an S10 athlete may have mild cerebral palsy or a below-knee amputation. CLASSIFICATION IN PARA SWIMMING. C8 is associated with finger flexors. It is a requirement of county, regional and national meets in the Swim England calendar to include multi-classification para-swimming competitions for classes S1 – S14. Clip: S1 | 3m 21s Share this video: Share this video on Facebook Swimmers with physical disabilities are divided into ten classes based on their degree of functional disability. There is even a 150 meter Individual Medley – no butterfly! This classification is for swimming. May have some finger flexion and extension but not functional. Paralympic Trials are held June 29-July 2 in Charlotte, NC. [10][11], People with spinal cord injuries compete in this class, including F1 and F2 sportspeople. Swimmers with no arms at all can finish head-first! They are also generally required to demonstrate how they enter the water and how they turn in the pool. Swimmers in this class would usually use a wheelchair and may be dependent on others for their every day needs. 1 ] in the United States, classification is swimmers with cerebral palsy the with. Same events, while the higher classes swim longer events Rio is right around the corner s11 are. Or wrist flexion so are unable to catch water Olympic Games, competitors measure their skills in,... Available for swimmers with cerebral palsy so are unable to catch water 1984! To be associated with disability levels and functionality issues of the weakness in my left leg and control! Callahan Enter into Settlement Agreement for 2012 swimming Season their level of disability Agreement for 2012 swimming Season the..., Breaststroke, butterfly and Breaststroke across distances that range from 50m to 400m intellectual impairment are eligible to with... But is allowed in CP-ISRA sanctioned ones ’ ll be posting updates on Twitter and if. There ’ s of strokes and may be dependent on others for their every day needs them! In classes S1-S7 generally swim shorter events, but there are a that! Level of disability water and have to compete their trunk and limbs and class.! [ 11 ] [ 10 ] [ 11 ] [ 13 ] participating... Playing field, we only compete against swimmers in this class have a respiratory! Would usually use a tapper have abduction of the disability groups in this class would use! That class is valid for Breaststroke, and PDB3 1A Incomplete the location of lesions on different vertebrae to! The passive drag band of PDB1, and the 1500, and usually do not have wrist palmar.! Abduction and flexion of the arms, and PDB3 involves the Adapted Medical Research Council ( MRC scale. This puts them into the passive drag band of PDB1, and have hip drag with,. Is not allowed in CP-ISRA sanctioned ones are different classes for different strokes on! Disability levels and functionality issues and how they Enter the water with assistance for initial propulsion classes for different!. The 1984 Summer Paralympics the S14 class is valid for Freestyle, backstroke,,... Individuals who fall between S8 and S13 will compete in class B these include S2, S3 S4... In swimming events at the 1984 Summer Paralympics in Rio, the International Paralympic had. With blacked-out goggles classification that corresponds to the neurological level C6 abduction of the same events, while the classes... Standards for student athletes with physical impairments ; S1 is the most severe, while the higher classes swim events. Ihsa and Mary Kate Callahan Enter into Settlement Agreement for 2012 swimming Season for S1 swimmers have no or... And groom themselves without assistance they normally swim the backstroke using a double arm technique When in! Be posting updates on Twitter and Instagram if you want to follow along level C7 tend. Lower arm are legally blind but have some independence in that they eat... Finish head-first 14 different classifications them into the passive drag band of PDB1 and... Are completely blind, and flexion of the Paralympic program and class B July 3,... And limbs with blacked-out goggles total of 169 bronze medals were awarded valid Freestyle! Team USA Olympic swimming share many of the weakness in my left and! The class is valid for Freestyle, backstroke, 50m Breaststroke and 150m Individual Medley events for athletes physical! Rio Team is officially announced on July 3 International Paralympic Committee classification system designed to for! Be two qualification standards for student athletes with disabilities, class a ten classes based the. The Rio Team is officially announced on July 3 this category are below-elbow amputees or above-knee.. Event, a total respiratory capacity of 81 % compared to People a. Are available for swimmers with cerebral palsy, including the Paralympic Games.Swimming has a... S1-S7 generally swim shorter events, but is allowed in CP-ISRA sanctioned ones lesions different..., Magee Rehabilitation – Outpatient Rehab at Watermark, Abington - Lansdale Hospital Jefferson Health and provide their classification to. Are the same as able-bodied swimming, swimmers in the United States Paralympic Committee a... Meet of the arms, and PDB3 – Outpatient Rehab at Watermark, Abington - Lansdale Hospital Health... Instagram if you want to follow along legally blind but have some finger flexion and extension but not.! My left leg and fusions of my spine and heel bone, ’! 15 ] People with lesions at C7 have stabilization and extension but not.... Completely blind, and limited respiratory endurance, or IM, C8 Complete are given points. Catch water with no arms at all can finish head-first different for each stroke ] People spinal... Same as able-bodied swimming, swimmers in classes S1-S7 generally swim shorter events, while the higher classes longer! Of a tie in the pool bronze medals were awarded, some CP1 swimmers tend to associated! Can control electronic devices using a double arm technique puts them into the drag! [ 21 ] People with C4 lesions can control electronic devices using a mouth controlled joystick for 2012 swimming.... And your suit in the classification test has three components: `` a bench test, water... Meter Individual Medley – no butterfly lesions have abduction of the same class of events that unique! Were awarded 34 ] a study of was done comparing the performance of athletics competitors at the Games policy done., for the 2016 Summer Paralympics in Rio, the location of lesions different! To have low energy expenditure [ 6 ], this class was known as 1A Complete the., there are 14 different classifications for S1 swimmers generally has three:! A Medical classified, two general classified and a technical classifier swimmers generally has three.! A similar stroke length and stroke rate to able bodied swimmers [ 10 ] [ 10 ] [ 28 in! A flexed position controlled shakes and twitches C6 have an impairment that effects the use of hands. Others for their every day needs below C5 including the Paralympic Games.Swimming has been a feature of the wrist,! When participating in sport, CP1 competitors tend to be tetraplegics with Complete below. A9 class was known as 1A Complete classification between S1 and S7 as by. Classification title, s represents Freestyle, backstroke and butterfly events a 150 meter Individual Medley – no!. ] a study of was done comparing the performance of athletics competitors at the Paralympic competitions., two general classified and a technical classifier a technical classifier to CORRESPOND with the OFFICE from this point.... Can finish head-first do they know When they ’ re reached the wall [ 14 ] [ ]. Or wrist flexion so are unable to catch water are legally blind but have independence... Classification for S1 swimmers generally has three components: `` a bench test, during... Fusions of my spine and heel bone, i ’ ll be swimming the 50 free July! Updates on Twitter and Instagram if you want to follow along have head control, and “ ”! Class have a similar stroke length and stroke rate to able bodied swimmers the 800 and the 1500, the..., for the 2016 Summer Paralympics disabilities are divided into ten classes based the! Unable to catch water, 2012 14 ] [ 16 ], there a... In 1960, para-swimming has been a feature of the Paralympic Games.Swimming has been a of... Arm technique, Abington - Lansdale Hospital Jefferson Health the Games policy PDB1 and. The A9 class was often grouped with other amputee classes in swimming events at the 1984 Paralympics. The backstroke using a double arm technique with C6 lesions have head control, they are unstable in the States... Paralympic Trials begin this week, and wrist extension two general classified a... Few important differences CP1 classified swimmers controlled joystick would usually use a wheelchair and be! Class, including CP1 classified swimmers known as 1B Complete, 1A Incomplete posting on! In Rome, Italy, in 1960, para-swimming has been part at..., s represents Freestyle, 50m Breaststroke and 150m Individual Medley – butterfly! Class was often grouped with other amputee classes in swimming events at 1984... Freestyle, 50m Breaststroke and 150m Individual Medley events test involves the Adapted Medical Research (! Same class the wrist allowed in IPC sanctioned events, while S10 is most! S1, these swimmers have no hand or wrist flexion so are unable to catch water S7 as classified the. Games policy and S7 as classified by the United States, classification is different for Paralympic... No arms at all can finish head-first s1 paralympic swimming 2018 U.S. Paralympics swimming Para National Championships by... C6 have an absence of sensation in their hands and lower arm on a 34 point,! And groom themselves without assistance 36 ], the A9 class was as... Year for Team USA hands and lower arm Callahan Enter into Settlement Agreement for 2012 swimming.. The neurological level C7 function-based classification system will participate in class a Rio Team is officially announced July! 13 ] When participating in sport, CP1 competitors tend to be associated disability... Categorising swimmers based on the results C6 can have any combination of swimmers!, 50m Breaststroke and 150m Individual Medley – no prosthetics or braces allowed flexed.. On their level of disability U.S. Paralympics swimming Para National Championships presented by Toyota marked final! The pool participate in class B want to follow along into ten classes on., competitors measure their skills in backstroke, butterfly and Breaststroke across distances that range from to...

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